DR Ambedkar IAS Academy

NITI Aayog India Innovation Index 2020

NITI Aayog India Innovation Index 2020

About index

  • NITI Aayog will release the second edition of the India Innovation Index 2020.
  • The index will be released by NITI Aayog.
  • The release of the second edition of the index—the first was launched in October 2019—demonstrates the Government’s continued commitment towards transforming the country into an innovation-driven economy.
  • The India Innovation Index 2020 seeks to rank the states and union territories based on their relative performance of supporting innovation and to empower them to improve their innovation policies by highlighting their strengths and weaknesses.
  • The ranking methodology is designed in a way that states can draw lessons from the national leaders in innovation. This will lead to healthy competition among the states and union territories, thereby fostering competitive federalism.
  • The states and union territories have been divided into 17 ‘Major States’, 10 ‘North-East and Hill States’, and 9 ‘City-States and Union Territories’, for effectively comparing their performance.
  • The states and union territories have been ranked on two broad categories: outcome and governance. Overall, the framework of the India Innovation Index 2020 consists of 36 indicators, which include hard data (32 indicators) and four composite indicators.
  • India Innovation Index 2020 builds on the previous year’s methodology by introducing more metrics and providing a holistic outlook of the Indian innovation ecosystem. The framework has been updated to include globally considered parameters for measuring innovation (such as the percentage of gross domestic product spent on research and development), while also retaining the parameters specific to the Indian economy.
  • The index captures the trends and provides detailed analyses of the various factors that drive innovation at the country, state, and district levels. It is believed that these analyses would enable policymakers in identifying catalysts and inhibitors of innovation at the national and sub-national levels.

Performance of various states:

  • Karnataka is the most innovative state for the second year in a row.
  • Maharashtra pipped Tamil Nadu to the second spot.
  • Bihar was featured at the bottom of the list.

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