DR Ambedkar IAS Academy

NCRB report on Crimes against Scheduled Tribes

The National Crime Record Bureau have recently released a report titled “Crime in India”, 2019.

According to the finding of the report, the Crime against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) saw an increase of over 7% and 26% respectively in the year 2019 compared to 2018.

Key findings of the report:

Crimes against SCs and STs- Crimes against members of the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and the Scheduled Tribes (STs) saw an increase of over 7% and 26% in 2019 compared with the 2018 figures.

It showed an increase of 1.6% in the registration of cases over 2018.

Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of crimes against the SCs in 2019, followed by Rajasthan and Bihar.

In the number of cases of rape of women belonging to the SCs, Rajasthan topped the list followed by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against the STs, followed by Rajasthan and Odisha.

The highest number of incidents of rape of tribal women was registered in Madhya Pradesh.

Crime against women- From 2018, the rate of crime against women has risen by 7.3%.

India recorded an average of 87 rape cases every day in 2019.

Assam reported the highest rate of crimes against women.

Uttar Pradesh also had the highest number of crimes against girl children under the POCSO Act, followed by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Murder and kidnapping cases- Murder cases across India in 2019 reported a slight dip – 0.3% – from the previous year.

Kidnapping cases also reported a decline of 0.7% in 2019.

About National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB):

It was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals.

It was established on the recommendations of the Tandon Committee to the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Taskforce (1985).

NCRB was entrusted with the responsibility for monitoring, coordinating and implementing the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project in the year 2009.

This project connects 15000+ police stations and 6000 higher offices of police in the country.

In August 2017, NCRB launched the National Digital Police Portal, which allows search for a criminal/suspect on the CCTNS database.

The Bureau has also been entrusted to maintain the National Database of Sexual Offenders (NDSO) and share it with the States/UTs on a regular basis.

NCRB has also designated as the Central Nodal Agency to manage technical and operational functions of the ‘Online Cyber-Crime Reporting Portal.

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