Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana
MKSP is a sub-component of the National Rural Livelihood Mission, which aims to improve the status
of women in agriculture. It recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan” and strives to build the
capacity of women in the domain of agro-ecologically sustainable practices.
The focus of MKSP is on capacitating smallholders to adopt sustainable climate resilient agro-ecology
and eventually create a pool of skilled community professionals.
The program is being implemented by DAY-NRLM in partnership with State Rural Livelihood
Missions/ Community Based Organizations (CBOs)/NGOs, as implementing partners (PIAs) across
the country. These agencies are expected to support and nurture scalable livelihood models in the
MKSP intervention areas.
Besides providing help under the MSKP scheme, the government has been giving additional support
and assistance to women farmers, over and above male farmers, under various schemes. These
schemes include the Agri-Clinic & Agri-Business Centre, Integrated Schemes of Agricultural
Marketing, Sub-Mission of Agricultural Mechanisation and National Food Security Mission
The “Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana” (MKSP), a sub component of the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM) seeks to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities available to empower her.
MKSP recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan” and strives to build the capacity of women in the domain of agro-ecologically sustainable practices.
It has a clear vision to reach out to the poorest of poor households and expand the portfolio of activities currently handled by the Mahila Kisan.
The focus of MKSP is on capacitating smallholders to adopt sustainable climate resilient agro-ecology and eventually create a pool of skilled community professionals. Its objective is to strengthen smallholder agriculture through promotion of sustainable agriculture practices such as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA), Non Pesticide Management (NPM), Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), Pashu-Sakhi model for doorstep animal care services, Sustainable regeneration and harvesting of Non-Timber Forest Produce.
Need for feminization of agriculture:
Rural women form the most productive work force in the economy of majority of the developing nations including India. More than 80% of rural women are engaged in agriculture activities for their livelihoods. About 20 per cent of farm livelihoods are female headed due to widowhood, desertion, or male emigration. Agriculture support system in India strengthens the exclusion of women from their entitlements as agriculture workers and cultivators. Most of the women-headed households are not able to access extension services, farmers support institutions and production assets like seed, water, credit, subsidy etc. As agricultural workers, women are paid lower wage than men.