DR Ambedkar IAS Academy

GLOBAL MIGRATION REPORT 2020

The Global Migration Report 2020 was recently released by the UN-affiliated International Organization for Migration (IOM).

The Global Migration Report 2020 highlighting the international migrants stock was recently released.

Global Migration Report 2020

It released by the UN-affiliated International Organization for Migration (IOM).

It reiterates the key trend of the International Migrant Stock 2019 dataset released by the UN Population Division in September — of the 272 international migrants worldwide (3.5% of the global population).

According to the report, roughly two-thirds of international migrants are labour migrants.

Oceania (a geographic region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia) is the region with the highest proportion of international migrants.

The UAE is the country with the highest proportion of international migrants.

Top destinations

The top destination for international migrants is the US where, as of September 2019, there were 50.7 million international migrants.

The US is followed by Germany, Saudi Arabia, Russian Federation and the UK.

The top migration corridors for Indians are the United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia.

Conversely, the highest number of migrants entering India comes from Bangladesh.

The US is also the top choice for migrants from China.

Indian case

India accounts for the highest share with 17.5 million Indians living outside the country

India is followed by Mexico (11.8 million) and China (10.7 million).

Remittances inflows

Among other details in the new report, the high count of international migrants living abroad also makes India the leading recipient of remittances.

International remittances in 2018 (2020 report) reached $689 billion, out of which India received $78.6 billion from the 17.5 million living abroad.

India is currently followed by China ($67.4 billion), Mexico ($35.7 billion), Philippines ($33.8 billion), Egypt ($28.9 billion) and France ($26.4 billion).

The US was the top remittance-issuer, at $68 billion, followed by the United Arab Emirates ($44.4 billion) and Saudi Arabia ($36.1 billion).

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