Press Note result of the civil services(preliminary) examination, 2020

UPSC Mains Test Series, 2020

Daily Snippets Hot Topics

What is cess? How it differs from surcharge?

A cess imposed by the central government is a tax on tax, levied by the government for a specific purpose. Generally, cess...
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Daily Snippets Hot Topics

Types of Slopes

Gentle Slope A slope with contour lines spread far apart from each other. This even spacing is maintained in both up and...
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Daily Snippets Hot Topics

Cyclone

What is a cyclone? A cyclone is a general term for a weather system in which winds rotate inwardly to an area...
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Daily Snippets Hot Topics

SREE NARAYANA GURU

He was born to a farmer in 1856 AD in the village of Chempazhanthi near Trivandrum, Kerala. His parents endearingly called him...
Read More
Daily Snippets Hot Topics

Deoxygenation

Deoxygenation  It is the expansion of oxygen minimum zones in the world’s oceans as a consequence of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide....
Read More
Daily Snippets

Chile-Madrid Time for Action Declaration

Chile-Madrid Time for Action Declaration Chile-Madrid Time for Action declaration has happened at the 25th edition of the Conference of the Parties...
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Daily Snippets Hot Topics

Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC)

SROCC is an analysis of sound research over recent years about the Earth’s diverse water cycle and it’s many dependants. It is...
Read More
Daily Snippets Hot Topics

Green India Mission (GIM) – National Mission for a Green India

Green India Mission (GIM) - National Mission for a Green India Green India mission is one of the missions that come under...
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Daily Snippets Hot Topics

Long Term Repo Operations (LTROs)

What is Long Term Repo Operations (LTROs)? RBI has announced a new liquidity facility under Long Term Repo Operations (LTRO) to inject...
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Daily Snippets

Chhath Puja

Chhath is an ancient Hindu Vedic festival historically native to the Indian subcontinent, more specifically, the Indian states of  Bihar,  Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh and the Madhesh region of Nepal.  The...
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What We Are..

Dr Ambedkar IAS Academy – Anybody can be a decorated Civil Servant in our country. We are the best and fastest growing group of UPSC aspirants compliment each other to tackle the seemingly mammoth task of UPSC Prelims with most valuable insights from daily newspapers and government releases.

Dr. B R Ambedkar IAS Academy

    • Daily Newspaper, Journals, Magazines, Data published from different central ministries, press information bureau data, budgets, Economic Survey, Yojana, Kurukshethra etc are the main resources for these questions.
    • As the topics are very vast, it is not easy for one to collect the important current affairs or statistics from these resources adequately.
    • But there is the good news for you Dr. BR Ambedkar IAS Academy comes handy for you.
    • Our committed team is ready to confront you with a series of tests. We are preparing four each Question Papers of 5 sets from the above mentioned sources.
    • The topic “Current Affairs” is the most important key in any preliminary exams. This is quite evident from Table/Trend Analysis.
Our Highlights
    1. We prepare questions from the valuable news from leading newspapers like The Hindu, TOI, Indian Express, BL, Hindustan Times. We collect and set forth questions that are exclusively relevant for UPSC Exams
    2. We prepare questions on the basis of facts from Yojana, Kurukshethra, PIB, Govt. Ministry Websites.
    3. To prepare static topics we use only NCERT Textbooks and Newspapers.
    4. Don’t forget that unnecessary reacting gives you unnecessary burden.

UPSC Prelims Test Series 2020

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UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2020

Syllabus of Paper I (200 marks) Duration : 2 hours

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation
  • General Science

Syllabus for Paper II-(200 marks) Duration: 2 hours

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
Note 1: The CSAT aptitude test or Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) examination will be a qualifying paper only with a minimum of 33% to be secured to sit for the Civil Services (Mains) exam. Note 2: The questions in both Paper-I (current affairs) and Paper-II (aptitude test) will be of multiple choice, objective type for 200 marks each and the time allotted for each paper is two hours Note 3: It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he or she does not appear in both the papers of the (Prelims) exam.

UPSC Main Syllabus 2020

QUALIFYING PAPERS ON INDIAN LANGUAGES AND ENGLISH

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive
prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:
(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Précis Writing.
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Précis Writing.
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essays.
(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

Note The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard
and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for
ranking. The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and
the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

The written examination will consist of the following papers

Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep
closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

General Studies-I : Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from
    ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present
    significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from
    different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world
    wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like
    communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and
    developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism &
    secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian
    sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
    industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone
    etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features
    (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant
    provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining
    to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges
    therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers &
    privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and
    Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their
    role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of
    various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising
    out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various
    groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
    performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
    protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
    Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance
    applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency &
    accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy. India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting
    India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,
    Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure mandate.

General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation
    and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues
    and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
     Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public
    Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stock
    and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream
    and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on
    Industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and
    Developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology
    Issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social
    Networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering
    and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with
    Terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude.

  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to
    integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced
    by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these
    aspects. The following broad areas will be covered:
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human
    actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values -
    lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of
    family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour;
    moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion
    towards the weaker-section
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and
    governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.
  • Status and problems’
     Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules,
    regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;
  • Accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in
    governance;
  • Ethical issues in international relations and funding;
  • Corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance:
  • Concept of public service;
  • Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
  • Information sharing and transparency in government,
  • Right to Information,
  • Codes of Ethics,
  • Codes of Conduct,
  • Citizen’s Charters,
  • Work culture,
  • Quality of service delivery,
  • Utilization of public funds,
  • Challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.
The preliminary examination of UPSC is for screening purpose only. The marks obtained in the UPSC prelims examination will be a qualification to take the UPSC Main examination and will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.
  • The Preliminary examination consists of 2 papers with objective type questions.
  • Both papers carry 200 marks each and it serves as a screening test only.
  • CSAT is the Paper-II of Preliminary Exam the candidate will have to score a minimum 33% of marks for qualifying in Mains (written).
  • Paper-I of prelims includes mainly the current affairs, while Paper-II or CSAT is the aptitude test.
Note: A candidate qualified for mains in a particular year will be eligible to appear for main exams of that particular year only.

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